Source: (2005) Youth Justice. 5(1): 17-32.

The Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programme, which was introduced in England and Wales in 2001, combines intensified supervision with regular surveillance in an attempt to bring structure to the lives of our most persistent and serious young offenders. While both the ‘electronic tag’ and ‘human trackers’ have been commonly used forms of ‘surveillance’ for young people on the programme, trackers have proved most effective in ensuring their completion, with the tag proving more acceptable to the young people when combined with this human element.