Source: (2002) Paper presented at "Dreaming of a New Reality," the Third International Conference on Conferencing, Circles and other Restorative Practices, August 8-10, 2002, Minneapolis, Minnesota.Several Latin American countries are looking for alternative methods for dealing with crime and conflict. This opening has spurred both government and civil society to experiment with restorative processes. Innovations include the use of penal mediation for criminal cases, the introduction of peace education into schools, and the incorporation of restorative principles into law. A pilot project in penal mediation by the University of Buenos Aires has led to the inclusion of mediation in the Argentine criminal justice system. Civil society groups in Chile are pioneering mediation in various aspects of life. Other countries seeing innovations include Costa Rica, Brazil and Mexico.