Source: (2000) Wellington, NZ: Ministry of Youth Affairs.This literature review by Kay McLaren is intended to answer the question, âWhat works to reduce crime by young people?â? In it the author summarizes extensive research on effective ways to stop young people from offending. The major sections of the paper are these. Part I covers patterns and trends of offending among young people: persisting offenders and desisting offenders, and serious and violent juvenile offenders. Part II deals with the best targets for interventions: various risk factors for juvenile offenders, especially related to family, school/work, peers, and community; and risks to address as a priority for âdesistersâ? and âpersistersâ?. Part III surveys processing of offenders: family group conferences; offender-victim mediation; diversion; drug courts; probation, parole, restitution, fines; and summaries of what is promising and what is not promising in processing young offenders. Part IV examines matters related to responding to offenders with effective services: the nature of âwhat worksâ?; effective approaches in residential and non-residential approaches; the importance of family in interventions; school-based programs; mentoring programs; programs for violent and aggressive youth; characteristics of effective staff; what does not work in responding to juvenile offenders; and summaries of âwhat worksâ? in different settings with various types of youth offenders.