Source: (2008) paper presented at Bringing Justice and Community Together conference sponsored by Victorian Association for Restorative Justice14 May 2008, Storey Hall, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.

Restorative justice is a key development in an emerging set of approaches and practices that also includes therapeutic jurisprudence, alternative dispute resolution, holistic law and problem solving courts, among others. These approaches – that comprise what Freiberg calls “non-adversarial justice” – seek to deal with multiple dimensions of conflict and/or legal processes and to avoid the negative side effects that can arise from a purely adversarial approach. Non-adversarial justice emphasises values such as participant voice, validation, respect, self-determination and collaboration. There is a need for a conceptual framework to identify the appropriate non-adversarial justice method or methods to address particular legal problems and the needs of the people involved. Restorative justice has a particular role in promoting healing between parties and, where appropriate, in restoring or transforming relationships as a part of the resolution of conflict. Research as to its effectiveness justifies its more extended application in the legal system. (author's abstract)