Source: (2001) In Restorative justice and civil society, eds. Heather Strang and John Braithwaite, 14-34. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

In recent years, many who study governance have been exploring the emergence of institutions of governance within societies but outside of the specific role and activities of states. Such institutions may include non-governmental organizations, community-based organizations, academic and research institutes, religious groups, and the media. In this context, Shearing examines a small community in South Africa – Zwelethemba – and its efforts to create various institutions to enhance the control poor people have over the governance of their lives. Specific focuses of this community effort and Shearing’s paper are the development of problem-solving (peacemaking and peacebuilding) institutions and processes and the sustainability of those institutions and processes.