Source: Moscow: Public Centre for Legal and Judicial Reform. Downloaded 10 October 2002.This article begins with a description of the crime and criminal justice situation in Russia. Public perception consists of considerable fear of crime, including juvenile delinquency. In response, the public and the government invoke the notion of a “war on crime." In part because of all of this, Russia has one of the highest rates of incarceration in the world for adults and juveniles. Yet, say the authors of this article, evidence shows that a punitive, “correctional" approach to crime is ineffective economically and socially. Hence, the Public Centre for Legal and Judicial Reform has begun to implement restorative justice ideas and practices (including victim-offender reconciliation) in Russia, with a focus on juvenile offenders and their victims.