Source: (2006) In Naomi Roht-Arriaza and Javier Mariezcurrena, Ed., Transitional Justice in the Twenty-First Century, Beyond Truth versus Justice. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. Pg. 325-341.

"The cases in this volume, which cover a broader spectrum of post-atrocity "accountability" scenarios than any pervious study, offer an opportunity to think afresh about what is needed to achieve justice in the aftermath of massive, deliberately inflicted human suffering. All entail deliberate and institutionalized efforts to achieve justice. All were designed and implemented in preparation for, or in the aftermath of, a political transition. All involve some degree of negotiation among parties who were involved in causing abuses and parties who suffered as a result of the crimes. All have both domestic and international components. Moreover, all of the proposed accountability measures were justified in relation to two central, inter-related goals: (1) to respond to the suffering from past abuses; and (2) to prevent similar suffering from happening in the future." (excerpt)