Source: (2003) Social Policy Times. 3(2). Research Center on Societal and Social Policy. Downloaded 2 March 2004.

Over the last 20 years, in light of the failure of the juvenile court to curb crime, professionals in the field have begun to call for research efforts of discussing policy, targeting the concept of delinquency and chronic young offenders (Bazemore and Umbreit, 1995). In Minnesota, a total shift in focus took place. The system moved from a retributive to a restorative model. A balanced restorative model conceptualizes crime as harm. A balanced restorative justice also encompasses a triangulation of responses: the community, the victim, and diverse reparative sanctions for juvenile offenders. Today, jurisdictions are balancing dimensional competencies, development of program specificity, system-wide accountability, and public safety goals in an effort to restore victims, communities, and offenders (Pranis, 2000). (excerpt)

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