Source: (2014) Georgetown journal of law & modern critical race perspectives.6:273-284.

Alaska Natives face well-documented impediments to criminal justice and village public safety.' Federal, state, and non-governmental investigative committees consistently report systemic racial injustice. Recommendations universally support localization of governance, either by enabling existing tribal entities to self-help or by extending the mechanisms of the State into rural communities. Despite over forty years of academic consensus, Alaska's racial injustice persists largely unremitted. Failure to adequately address the sources and symptoms of racial disparity is in part a factor of changing political administrations, evolving resource considerations, and competition between state and federal legal regimes. Remedial measures undertaken by the State suffer from chronic underfunding; meanwhile, tribal entities lack the resources or legal authority to engage in self-help. Geographic and cultural barriers exacerbate insufficient resources and obstruct necessary reform. (excerpt)