Source: (2000) Modern Law Review. 63(1): 1-24. Reprinted in Restorative Justice. Declan Roche (2003), ed. Pp. 431-454. The International Library of Essays in Law & Legal Theory, Second Series. Aldershot, Hants, England: Dartmouth/Ashgate.The lecture examines the role and objectives of truth and reconciliation commissions in societies undergoing major political transitions, with particular reference to the model of South Africa, and compares this method to others suggested by international criminal law for accommodating both retributive and restorative responses to past conflicts and crimes against humanity. Author's abstract.