Source: (2004) Paper presented at "New Frontiers in Restorative Justice: Advancing Theory and Practice", Centre for Justice and Peace Development, Massey University at Albany, New Zealand, 2-5 December.

The elevated interest in the study of conflict resolution in Armenia and the Caucasus was caused by a number of conflicts that popped up after the fall of the Soviet Union, like Georgia-Abkhazia, Georgia-South Ossetia, Armenia-Azerbaijan and the Turkish blockade of Armenia. To this day, the lack of understanding the means of resolution as well as the absence of resolution mechanisms makes the subject interesting for both politicians and scholars alike, raising the question: "What should be done?" My paper aims to analyze the geopolitical changes that took place after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It also tries to shed light on the pivotal role of the peacemaking efforts of the United States regarding the Nagorno-Karabakh problem, normalisation of hostilities between the republics of Turkey and Armenia, and their reconciliation. abszz