Source: (2002) Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services. 83(4): 374

The authors of this essay begin with the notion that justice is a form of group behavior. They then identify and analyze five types of justice: protective, corrective, restorative, distributive, and representational. Generally speaking, protective and corrective forms of justice maintain social control and strengthen existing social order. Distributive and representational forms of justice generally help the marginalized and disadvantaged members of a group. Restorative justice – in the middle, so to speak-functions both to achieve social control and order and to assist marginalized and disadvantaged people. The authors’ analysis includes discussion of the evolution of norms of justice over time and in different historical contexts.