Source: (1996) European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 4 (1):64-73..

At the beginning of this article, Jacques Faget and Anne Wyvekens trace changes in emphases in French criminal justice since World War II to the present – from centering on minors’ rehabilitation to social reintegration of adult delinquents to crime prevention. Faget and Wyvekens then show how this has worked out in recent decades in terms of local urban policies and practices to respond to and prevent crime. One aspect of these policies and practices can be termed “proximity justice.â€? It signifies a negotiated justice devoid of formality. It also indicates both territorial and human closeness in the functioning of justice. That is, the administration of justice is pushed down more to the local level (thus, territorial closeness); and the processes of justice involve more direct interaction between the concerned parties (thus, human closeness), often in less formal ways.