Source: (1983) Howard Journal of Penology and Crime Prevention 22: 8-18.

Renewed interest in restitution has occurred because of dissatisfaction with prevailing treatment approaches for offenders, need for intermediate punishments that are more severe than probation but not as severe as imprisonment, need for increasing public support of criminal justice programs, and a renewed interest in crime victims. Restitution provides a useful mechanism for integrating crime victims into the criminal justice system but may require reorientation of probation work toward conflict resolution and peacemaking between victims and offenders.