Source: (2000) With an introduction by Tony Peters. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press.This is a set of papers surveying issues and conditions concerning victim-offender mediation and restorative justice in various countries in Europe. Published by the European Forum for Victim-Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice, the papers come from a conference hosted by the Forum in Leuven, Belgium, 27-29 October 1999. The first six chapters, dealing with issues, approach victim-offender mediation and restorative justice more from a theoretical perspective. The issues addressed include who benefits from restorative justice, community involvement in mediation, ethics and good practice in restorative justice, legal and procedural safeguards for mediation, policy developments with respect to mediation, and directions for research. The authors of these chapters are the following: Martin Wright; Jacques Faget; Robert E. Mackay; Marc Groenhuijsen; Siri Ilona Kemeny; and Elmar G. M. Weitekamp. The last eight chapters examine conditions concerning the actual practice of victim-offender mediation and restorative justice in eight countries: Austria; Belgium; Finland; France; Germany; Norway; Poland; and the United Kingdom. The authors of these chapters are the following: Christa Pelikan; Ivo Aertsen; Juhani Iivari; Daniel Jullion; Britta Bannenberg; Karen Kristin Paus; Beata Czarnecka-Dzialuk and Drobochna Wojcik; and Marian Liebmann and Guy Masters. Each chapter, focusing on one country, surveys the historical background to victim-offender mediation, the legal context, policy and implementation, the practice of mediation, cases in mediation, evaluation and research, and challenges for the future. The book includes an introduction by Tony Peters, “Victim-offender mediation: reality and challenges.�? It also includes an appendix with this text: “Council of Europe recommendation no. R (99) 19 of the Committee of Ministers to member states concerning mediation in penal matters.�?