Source: (2002) Newsletter of the European Forum for Victim Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice. 3(3):2-3.According to Anna Mestitz, victim-offender mediation (VOM) arose spontaneously in Italy in the first half of the 1990s. The system is functionally connected with, and to a degree dependent on, a complex network of agencies. Such agencies include the national and local social services, the judicial police for juveniles, voluntary work associations, and rehabilitation communities (where juvenile offenders may be placed to serve their sentences). Judges and prosecutors also take leading roles. In this context, Mestitz sketches results from her research on VOM in Italy in the following areas: territorial distribution; organization; personnel; funding sources; theoretical model; and number of cases.