Source: (1991) In: G. Kaiser, H. Kury and H. Albrecht (eds.), Victims and Criminal Justice: Legal Protection, Restitution and Support. Criminological Research Reports, Volume 51 Max-Plank Institute, pp. 457-475.

Victim offender reconciliation (VOR), or indemnification in Germany is concerned with the reconciliatory settlement of the crime by means of voluntary agreement between victim and offender. The legal foundations of these programs are described. Program evaluations indicate 75-80% victim satisfaction with settlements, with best results from general criminal law cases. Despite hopeful results, VOR cases remains far below 1% of all criminal court cases because a lack of coordination and governmental support for these programs. Legal and political reforms to further the development of these programs is recommended.