Source: (1996) In International victimology: Selected papers from the 8th International Symposium – proceedings of a symposium held in Adelaide, 21-26 August 1994, ed. by Chris Sumner, Mark Israel, Michael O-Connell, and Rick Scarre, 321-327. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Since the early 1980s there has been vigorous discussion in Germany whether conflict-mediation and restitution should be integrated into the existing criminal justice system, as against relegating them to practices for "private" justice. Despite various opinions, criminologists and politicians in Germany have agreed to permit victim-offender reconciliation as a means of resolving crime and determining sentence. In this paper, Hartmann focuses on the “WAAGE Hannover" program as an example of a victim-offender reconciliation program for adult perpetrators that has been integrated into the criminal justice system.

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