Source: (1985) Victimology 10(1-4):617-630.

This essay develops a conceptual model and evaluation research questions for victims to participate in the penal-correctional process. The model requires the offender to make restitution to the victim and service to the community. The probation officer or other criminal justice official will serve as mediator. Five common objections to this concept are: (1) the criminal justice process will be converted to a procedure for the victim to secure private gain; (2) the process will detract from other penal objectives; (3) victims do not want to become involved in the justice system; (4) victims will be vindictive; and (5) the process will create a nuisance for justice system officials.