Source: (2000) Paper presented at the 10th International Symposium on Victimology held in Montreal, Canada, 6-11 August.This paper presents the results of a comprehensive study of victims of crime and the criminal justice system in Japan. Conducted by the Research and Training Institute of the Ministry of Justice in Japan, the study focuses on two key areas. The first area consists of the views that victims and offenders have of each other. Covered in this area are the following: the psychological effects of crime on victims; victims’ attitudes toward compensation by the offender; and offenders’ understanding of the impact of their actions on their victim. The second area consists of victims’ views of the criminal justice system. This includes investigation into the effects of compensation from offenders on victims’ views of sentencing and treatment of offenders.