Source: (2003) In , Community Safety, Citizenship and Social Inclusion. Chilton, Buckinghamshire, UK: Thames Valley Partnership. Pp. 63-68. Downloaded 29 January 2004.As indicated in the title of his essay, Roger Graef pointedly asks, "What does it take to change public policy?" He raises the question from his perspective as a filmmaker who made a film about police handling of rape victims, a film that did in fact materially affect public policy in England after it was aired. On the basis of that experience, he attempted another film, this time about the justice system's dealing with young offenders. Graef builds on his film work with rape victims and with the juvenile justice system to scrutinize the uses of incarceration, alternatives to incarceration, crime prevention and reduction, and public policy.