Source: (2000) Probation Journal. 47: 243

The state of Western Australia, which has a Criminal Justice System similar in many respects to that of England and Wales, has imported and adapted the What Works orthodoxy developed in North America and the UK. Drawing on exploratory research in this region, Anne Worrall highlights the dangers of an ‘international trade in penal ideas’which fails to take greater account of issues such as the loss of traditional culture and breakdown of kinship systems in Aboriginal societies.