Source: (2012) African Journal of International and Comparative Law 20(1): 22-41

The adoption and subsequent coming into force in 2002 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC)' consecrated a new epistemic paradigm of individual accountability for the perpetration of the most egregious crimes, which began with the establishment of the Nuremberg Tribunal. Crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity,' war crimes' and the crime of aggression' have been described by the Statute as being of 'most serious concern to the international community as a whole for which perpetrators 'must not go unpunished' .(Excerpt)