Source: (2002) Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services. Sept-Dec: 557.

The Duluth model of batterer intervention is based on a feminist critical theory paradigm that makes sense from the point of view of the victim/survivor. Male batterers in treatment, however, may resist many of the precepts of this model. Applying a restorative-strengths perspective to the group process and evaluation may enable us to meet participants where they are and help reduce the resistance, denial, recidivism, and high dropout rates common with this group. Principles of restorative justice may be applied at the community level as well to reinforce community standards of behavior.