â€œIn my work, Iâ€™ve recognized how important our criminal justice and civil justice system is, but Iâ€™ve also recognized how many people donâ€™t get their needs met in those systems, and how sometimes those systems donâ€™t meet the needs of the people who go through them,â€ Brenneke said. â€œWhile I want to keep those systems as strong and vigorous as I can, part of me started looking for another way of engaging conflict, a way that meets all needs of people in the community and helps us come together better.â€
Brenneke hasnâ€™t been alone in trying to find another way of responding to crime. In recent years, there has been a growing chorus of voices calling for an alternative to how we approach criminal justice. The reason why lies in one simple fact: the United States currently imprisons more of its populace than any other nation on the planet. In 2013, the International Centre for Prison Studies found that the U.S. boasts the highest number of prisoners per 100,000 residents at 716 while Russia currently has 477 per 100,000. Since 1980, the prison population of the United States has quadrupled.
According to Brenneke, this surge in criminal incarceration is indicative of how the modern world has forgotten one of the most basic principles of community: how to live with one another.
â€œI think in the post-Enlightenment world, weâ€™ve become very rights-focused, and so I think weâ€™ve lost some traditions like [restorative justice] in our communities,â€ Brenneke said.
Despite left-leaning attitudes, Seattle and Capitol Hill arenâ€™t exceptions to these trends. Seattleâ€™s East Precinct has famously had one of the highest concentrations of incarceration in the city, and because of this, Brenneke has now begun the process of instituting the pilot program of City of Seattle Restorative Justice Initiative here.
â€œWhat weâ€™re going to do to start is take a look at our East Precinct and look to create a community-police partnership where police are engaged with the incident, and rather than send it through [the criminal justice system], there would be an option to engage in a restorative justice process where the police and the community could engage it in another way,â€ Brenneke said. â€œThere would still be accountability, but this would just be another way of engaging accountability.â€
If both the perpetrator and the victim agree to the restorative practice rather than a criminal prosecution, the two will then engage in mediation to help address the needs of both parties with the end goal of addressing the cause of the crime and its impact on the victim and the community. A perpetrator may then possibly provide whatever form of restitution that the parties agree upon, take part in some form of community service, or simply offer an apology.
One of the larger goals of this process will be to help keep young offenders between the ages of 18-24 from continuing a lifelong pattern of criminal behavior, and as such, that age group will be the primary focus of the pilot program. If the perpetrators can be steered away from crime before becoming another penal statistic, Brenneke believes that future generations will see a drastic dip in criminal activity.
However, Brenneke was quick to emphasize that the restorative justice program will be an entirely voluntary one, and that it will not be replacing the criminal justice system within the East Precinct by any means.
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