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Bremer’s “Gordian Knot”: Transitional Justice and the US Occupation of Iraq

Stover, Eric
June 4, 2015

Source: (2006) In Naomi Roht-Arriaza and Javier Mariezcurrena, Ed., Transitional Justice in the Twenty-First Century, Beyond Truth versus Justice. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. Pg. 229-254.

“In this article, we examine how Bremer’s directives affected the process of transitional justice in Iraq and how ordinary Iraqis perceived these processes at the time. Our methods of research included interviews with dozens of Iraqi, US, and British officials, forensic scientists, and representatives of the United Nations and non-governmental organizations. We also conducted on-site visits to mass graves throughout Iraq and to governmental and non-governmental institutions that possess Iraqi state documents obtained during and after the war. Finally, to understand how Iraqis would like to deal with their legacy of human rights violations and political violence, we drew on data obtained from extensive interviews and focus group discussions conducted in July and August 2003 with representatives from a broad cross-section of the Iraqi population by a team of researchers from the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) and the Human Rights Center of the University of California, Berkeley.” (excerpt)


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