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Citizenship Education Case Study: Community Justice in Bougainville (Papua New Guinea)

Howley, Patrick
June 4, 2015

Source: (2004) Asian South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education (ASPBAE), UNESCO. Downloaded 1 December 2004.

This document consists of a description of innovations to the community justice system instituted by residents of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea. It is written in a combination of question-and-answer and outline format. The paper covers the philosophy, rationale, principles, elements, and processes of Bougainville’s experiment with a new kind of community justice – namely, restorative justice. More specifically, it covers the background to restorative justice in Bougainville, the present justice system in the villages, custom law, the nature and purpose of shame, mediation, and processes of community justice in villages and towns.


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