Source: (2001) In Restorative community justice: Repairing harm and transforming communities, ed. Gordon Bazemore and Mara Schiff, 127-149. With an introduction by Gordon Bazemore and Mara Schiff. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing Co.
Crawford and Clear examine underlying assumptions of community justice and restorative justice. They summarize key elements in the conception of public safety in each paradigm: (1) focus on local or neighborhood structures and processes; (2) involvement and empowerment of ordinary local citizens; (3) reliance upon Ã¢Â€ÂœprivateÃ¢Â€? and Ã¢Â€ÂœparochialÃ¢Â€? forms of social control; and (4) emphasis on a problem-solving approach to social issues. With all of this in mind, the authors first contrast community and restorative justice. Then they delineate common themes in both paradigms. They also scrutinize certain issues regarding restorative justice, particularly as restorative justice proponents seek to include both victims and communities as Ã¢Â€ÂœstakeholdersÃ¢Â€? in the aims and processes of restorative justice. Following this scrutiny, Crawford and Clear raise explicit questions about the feasibility of restoration of offenders and victims through community structures and processes. Further, they raise questions about the appropriateness of community transformation through restorative justice. For example, can restorative justice truly empower communities and make them places of justice? In the end, the authors contend that neither restorative justice nor community justice can be primary means for the development of civil and good society.
Your donation helps Prison Fellowship International repair the harm caused by crime by emphasizing accountability, forgiveness, and making amends for prisoners and those affected by their actions. When victims, offenders, and community members meet to decide how to do that, the results are transformational.Donate Now