Source: (2013) Rivista di Criminologia, Vittimologia e Sicurezza. 7(1):43-57.
In 2008, Mexico adopted a constitutional reform that creates a new paradigm of restorative justice aimed to preserve the
dignity of the victims and introduce innovative legal and social norms in law enforcement, such as peace and
The restorative process will enable the victim, the offender and affected members of the community to: 1) participate in
remedying the damage arising from the crime, 2) consider the victim as a member of the community, 3) promote
reconciliation and reintegration of offender into the community.
Restorative programs have been integrated into criminological and victimological thinking, providing new areas of
study of these social actors involved in the criminal conflict, encouraging research to achieve true restorative justice. In
this sense, criminological and victimological research have the duty to develop methods, models and tools that can be
applied successfully to restorative justice programs in order to enable victims and citizens to play a greater role in the
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