Source: (2009) Australia and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 2009: Conference Proceedings. Pg. 18-30.
The prison has been developing into a mixed mode institution with large numbers of vulnerable persons, including
Aboriginal women and people with mental illness and cognitive disability, being serially incarcerated at high rates. The
characterisation of prison as a punishing but therapeutic community is bizarre but has its roots in 19th & 20th century
patriarchal colonial and welfare institutions, particularly those for women and children. Is prison in the early 21st century
the last institution of control left in which to house such vulnerable persons? This paper discusses this development of the
prison and its effects. (Authors abstract).
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