Restorative Justice can be defined as a community based approach on how to deal with crime, the effects of crime and the prevention of crime. The approach is something that functions on the belief that the path to justice relies on problem solving and healing rather than punishment and isolation.
â€œ[Hess] was looking for a way to engage her students with community organizations, and we [Restorative Resources] agreed to do an introductory training with her class and take on five students for a semester-long service learning project,â€ said Jessica Hankins, volunteer coordinator and adult program coordinator for Restorative Resources.
â€œThere, the idea was born that we could explore bringing Restorative Justice to Sonoma State, and Maria approved this [task] for [Dillier and Hoffman-Brown]. From there, the three of us met several times throughout the semester, identifying stakeholders on campus, generating interest on the subject and planning our presentationâ€
â€œI will admit that, at first, I was a little skeptical about seeing how [Restorative Justice] would all work,â€ said Dillier, psychology major and Community Services Advisor. â€œBut in our first meeting with Restorative Resources, we did a role-play activity where one [person] played a victim, another played an offender and a third was the mediator. Through this simulated process, I could see the healing that happened with both the victim and the offender.â€
Instead of simply punishing a perpetrator for a crime, the restorative justice model strives to bring reparation and resolution to all, in the form of a facilitated circle wherein the victim, offender and others affected are all brought together to discuss the circumstances and motivations behind the crime as well as a fitting way for the offender to make amends.
Offenders are given the chance to hear how their actions have affected others, and because of this, are less likely to repeat their offense in the future,â€ said Hankins. â€œRestorative Justice is also a good idea because it teaches everyone involved how to communicate better and strengthens community by involving everybody at an equal level. Instead of pushing people out when they have made a mistake, it brings them back in and reminds them that they have a place in their community, just like everyone else.â€
If Sonoma State were to take on these practices, the university would be following in the footsteps of several other colleges and universities across the nation, including University of Colorado, Boulder (the first to do so), Skidmore College, University of Michigan and University of San Diego. One of the members of the group that implemented Restorative Justice process at the University of Colorado, Boulder was Matthew Lopez-Phillips, vice president for student affairs and chief student affairs officer at Sonoma State.
â€œWe had amazing results with the program, and the community enjoyed being a part of the process as well,â€ said Lopez-Phillips. â€œSSU could benefit from such a program as it brings the larger community together to address issues of harm. Repairing that harm is the cornerstone of Restorative Justice circles. It would be great to see a RJ program on campus.â€
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