Source: (2004) Journal of Socio-Economics. 33: 175-188.
Catherine Lawson and JoAnne Katz begin this essay with the observation that, within the discipline of economics, discussions of juvenile crime and other criminal justice issues generally proceed from the Ã¢Â€Âœeconomic model of crime.Ã¢Â€? This model emphasizes the role of incentives in shaping criminal behavior and in providing levers for the conduct of public policy. A different model of juvenile crime emphasizes moral factors Ã¢Â€Â“ for example, issues of moral strengthening or moral decay, and the presence or lack of an understanding of right and wrong. Lawson and Katz posit that the emerging Ã¢Â€Âœbalanced and restorative justiceÃ¢Â€? approach offers an understanding of crime and justice that may help to bridge the theoretical divide between the economic model and the moral model.
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