Source: (2003) In, Andrew von Hirsch, et. al., eds., Restorative Justice and Criminal Justice: Competing or Reconcilable Paradigms? Oxford and Portland, Orgeon: Hart Publishing. Pp. 257-272.
Noting that restorative justice has become a world-wide movement, with United Nations support, Morris and Maxwell characterize New Zealand as having gone further than most countries in the use of restorative justice. For example, family group conferencing (introduced in the Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act 1989) is widely seen as a case study of restorative justice within the youth justice system. And conferencing is gradually being extended to adult offenders. Hence, after a sketch of the development of restorative justice in New Zealand, Morris and Maxwell in this chapter draw upon research in New Zealand to describe the potential benefits to offenders and victims that can result from the use of restorative justice. More specifically, they examine the extent to which restorative processes and practices are more effective than conventional processes and practices in reducing re-offending and in achieving cost savings.
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