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Restorative justice, police and Human Rights: The citizens’ trust hypothesis.

Karagiozos, Ioannis
June 4, 2015

Source: (2012) Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Restorative Justice and Human Rights. 2-7 June 2012, Skopelos Island, Greece.

The concept of Restorative Justice draws its roots from ancient times; however, its problematic created
during the nineties an international movement and a unique regulatory theory which premises new
intervention strategies and practices with new tools and new reformative methods of dispensation of
justice. More specifically, as a general rule, Restorative Justice offers a practical alternative justice through
the development and enforcement of formal and informal practices that complementary and alternative
compared to traditional regulation under the legal systems and especially in criminal justice.
In Greece, Restorative Justice appears in institutional level the last decade and its practices apply formally
or informally complementary also as alternative solutions. It applies in a series of crimes which are foreseen
by the Greek Penal Code as well as in civil and commercial affairs. The practice of mediation comprises the
basic expression and instrument of restorative justice and it is foreseen by the Greek Law through a series
of modern enactments. However, except for the institutionalized practices it is possible the informal
mediation by the Police and through its institutions, in order the defendant and potential parties to resolve
their disputes by avoiding judicial actions.
This article analyzes the level of informal mediation as an effective police practice of restorative justice, the
role it can play through mediation to resolve certain disputes in civil institutions which are provided and
may be solved by alternative forms of redress, prospects for reform of the institutional role of the police,
with new tools, new perspectives and criteria. In addition a twofold model “Police-mediation”, highlighting
the parameters to enhance public confidence in informal mediation cases the police to resolve civil
disputes or lack thereof and circumvention of their legal rights through the existing institutional framework
provided by the practice of mediation. (author’s abstract)


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