Source: (2012) European Journal of Personality. 26:255-275.
We proposed two distinct understandings of what justice means to victims and what its restoration entails
that are reflected in individualâ€level justice orientations. Individuals with a retributive orientation conceptualize
justice as the unilateral imposition of just deserts against the offender. In contrast, individuals with a restorative
orientation conceptualize justice as achieving a renewed consensus about the shared values violated by the offence.
Three studies showed differential relations between these two justice orientations and various individualâ€level values/
ideologies and predicted unique variance in preferences for concrete justiceâ€restoring interventions, judicial
processes and abstract justice restoration goals. The pattern of results lends validity to the understanding of justice
as two distinct conceptualizations, a distinction that provides much needed explanation for divergent preferences for
injustice responses. (authors’ abstract)
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