Source: (2001) Research Paper Series, No. 14. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.
In the substantial body of literature investigating the relationship between drug use and crime, a causal link between the two behaviors has not been established, yet a high correlation between them has been confirmed. It has also been observed in the literature that the relationship between drug use and crime exists within a framework of societal policies ranging from regulated commercial approaches to strict prohibition. Against this background, the authors of this research paper propose that application of theoretical models such as Ã¢Â€Âœecosystems theoryÃ¢Â€? and Ã¢Â€Âœsocial capitalÃ¢Â€? would improve understanding of the nature and complexity of the relationship. Reviewing programmatic approaches to break the drugs-crime relationship, the authors indicate that the most successful approaches include a comprehensive range of services from assessment, implementation of services to meet assessed needs, and aftercare with a framework of graduated sanctions and thorough case management. The authors then identify directions for future research to evaluate state policies and the effectiveness of specific treatment program elements.
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