Source: (2006) In, Ivo Aertsen, Tom Daems and Luc Robert, editors, Institutionalizing Restorative Justice. Cullompton, Devon and Portland: Willan Publishing Press pp.25-42
In this chapter, the author discusses restorative justice in relation to the security problems that arise from crime and anti-social behavior. The foundation of his ideas is based on a book by David Garland called The Culture of Crime Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. In this book Garland states that criminal justice policy is controlled by â€œpenal welfarism,â€ a theory that states that crime is the product of deprivation that can only be eased by rehabilitation or correction. The author of this chapter expands upon Garlandâ€™s ideas by discussing what he calls the â€œcontemporary crime complex.â€ This complex consists of twelve symptoms of control, including â€œthe return of the victim,â€ â€œthe rediscovery of the prison,â€ and â€œa permanent sense of crisis.â€ In addition to expanding upon Garlandâ€™s â€œcrime complex,â€ the author also discusses security politics, crime as a safety issue, and his idea of vital culture as it relates to a desire for safety. He explains that the governance of security can be represented as a â€œsoccer team model,â€ or one that works like the defensive game of a soccer team. His conclusion discusses how restorative justice may be a better option for addressing the needs of each injured party than the use of typical courtroom practices.
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