Back to RJ Archive

Two Tails of Justice

D'Aprix, Amy
June 4, 2015

Source: (2002) Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services. 83(4): 374

The authors of this essay begin with the notion that justice is a form of group behavior. They then identify and analyze five types of justice: protective, corrective, restorative, distributive, and representational. Generally speaking, protective and corrective forms of justice maintain social control and strengthen existing social order. Distributive and representational forms of justice generally help the marginalized and disadvantaged members of a group. Restorative justice – in the middle, so to speak-functions both to achieve social control and order and to assist marginalized and disadvantaged people. The authors’ analysis includes discussion of the evolution of norms of justice over time and in different historical contexts.


Support the cause

We've Been Restoring Justice for More Than 40 Years

Your donation helps Prison Fellowship International repair the harm caused by crime by emphasizing accountability, forgiveness, and making amends for prisoners and those affected by their actions. When victims, offenders, and community members meet to decide how to do that, the results are transformational.

Donate Now