The modern restorative justice movement got its start in the criminal and juvenile justice arenas. It now is capable of influencing virtually every aspect of those systems.
The Criminal Codes section addresses some of the public policy dimensions of restorative justice. These range from questions of whether there is a legal basis in your jurisdiction for using restorative processes and programs to how the entire criminal justice system might be reoriented to reflect restorative principles and values.
Some of the early justice system involvement with restorative justice came in police stations, particularly where cautioning is used as a response to crime and juvenile offending.
Restorative justice is increasingly visible in courtrooms around the world. Prosecutors, judges and defense attorneys make use of it. Probation officers are often involved in its implementation or monitoring.
There are a number of restorative initiatives taking place in prisons. Some relate to the victim-offender relationship. Others to conflict resolution among prisoners. Still others to the operation of prisons themselves.
Victims are said to be central to restorative justice, but most restorative justice programs take place in the context of the offender-centered criminal justice system. We have resources on how to support victims and on how to treat them with respect.